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Biotechnology and its most notable advances

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Science advances by leaps and bounds and in many fields. One of those that stands out is that of biotechnology. Its applications expand to different branches of daily life, such as food, vaccine production and others that help improve the current world as you know it. It is not only human but animal, biology can be affected (enhanced) by science. Here are some of the most important advances in biotechnology.

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Transformations in food

Biotechnology 1

Transformations in food

There are food products that can be improved with the use of biotechnology. Some examples are:

    Bread, Yogurt, Cheese.

For millennia, this has been done with the use of varied microorganisms, an element that can be used in favor of biotechnology applications. Such methods are still in use today, but larger scale and with increased efficiency, thanks to the handling of biotechnology, which proves that it is very necessary.

Manufacture of vaccines

Biotechnology 1

Manufacture of vaccines

In the beginning, vaccines were made from animal samples, but they are already formed synthetically, directly to be injected. The trials to improve more and more, continue to happen. On this occasion, biotechnology is intended to make edible vaccines, that when ingested, the agents that are released are capable of protecting against diseases.

This is not only an advantage, since annoying punctures are avoided, but it also has others. The production price is lower than previous times and transportation and storage are easier. This is because this new family of vaccines does not need to be refrigerated or kept in a controlled environment.

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Ecological materials

Biotechnology 3

Ecological materials

A lot of the products you use today are made from non-renewable resources.. It means that they can be highly polluting. In order to solve this problem, materials that are friendly to the environment are being developed. Those that are renewable, such as plastics, are derived from plant fibers.

The textile industry uses enzymes in some of the processes it uses, and it is thanks to biotechnology. The by-products obtained help to better conserve the environment, as well as protect it from any residue that it may cause. In this way, the effects on nature are neutralized.

Water treatment

Biotechnology 4

Water treatment

Fresh water is a limited resource on the entire planet Earth, so taking care of it is vital. Entire agglomerations of water are polluted daily, making access to this precious mineral scarce. Through biotechnology, specifically bioremediation, it is proposed to solve this problem.

It consists of sowing specific microorganisms that feed on the water residues and purify it. In a short period of time they are able to clear the territory in which they are. Throughout Europe this process has become very widespread, where actions have been taken to save the River Thames and the Seine, where the results are very favorable and have gained a second chance at fame.

Transgenic crops

Transgenic crops

Transgenic crops

It is amazing how many people have the wrong concept of what transgenic foods mean. They are believed to be artificial and therefore negative for the human body. The word itself refers to the fact that some elements of its genetic makeup were altered, which is done thanks to biotechnology.

This process is conceived with human intervention during the period of agriculture. Here the best fruits and vegetables are selected to grow them. It is synonymous with making an artificial selection of the plants with the best chances of having yields. A relevant example is the cultivation of golden rice, a grain that is favored with vitamin A.

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Bionic limbs

Bionic members

Bionic members

Bionics is a branch of science that has been greatly developed today. The health benefits are countless and it focuses on solve biological problems. It translates into technological implants that are perfectly integrated into an organic part of the body. Many are the people who enjoy this advancement of biotechnology and have managed to improve their daily lives. Some examples are:

    Robotic and intelligent arm. Foot with artificial intelligence.
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