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Mayan pyramids in Mexico chilling history!

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If you are a historian of archeology, a visit to the Mayan pyramids in Mexico will be of great interest to you. This article will allow you to know what are the Mayan structures most visited by tourists in Mexico.

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How did the Mayans build the pyramids?

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Mayan pyramids in Mexico

The Mayans existed as a Mesoamerican civilization. They were developed from approximately 1300 BC to the 17th century AD. It was a community that stood out in various aspects such as architecture, astronomy, art and mathematics, especially with its numbering system.

The architectural structures of the Maya They are among the richest in the world. This is due to the great complexity and technique with which this civilization built its history.

The unique and complex style accompanies each of the Mayan pyramids. Each step of the construction depended on the stones that were carved under a scale design.

The great Mayan pyramids in Mexico were built with limestone protected with stucco. This material was found in abundance in the Mexican lands. They were usually painted red and topped with temples. Triadic Complexes was the name given to these sites.

To make the walls of the pyramid, the Mayans used blocks in 2 rows that they filled with smaller stones. The imperfections in each carving were concealed with decorations.

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What are the Mayan pyramids in Mexico?

The Mayan culture encompasses many mysteries, especially the branch of architecture. The Mayan pyramids in Mexico personify the version of power and union, with the universe of the gods.

The main pyramidal constructions within the Mexican territory encompass many chilling stories. Next, you will be able to know the most visited Mayan pyramids in Mexico.

    Chichen Itza

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Chichen Itza

Located in the Yucatan peninsula, it was a city of the Mayans whose name means mouth of the well of the Itza. These characters were known as the water witches.

The ruins today house important archaeological structures such as Chichén Itzá Castle. This pyramid is located in what was the most significant religious marrow in the Mayan universe. Its construction was imagined with the purpose of projecting the lights and shadows that the Mayans needed for their calendar.

The monumental work has 30 meters in honor of Kukultán, a character who was known as the god of the serpent. It is made up of 18 terraces corresponding to the 18 months of the calendar of this civilization.

The pyramid is a true symbol of the calendar. On both sides there is a staircase of 91 steps that together with the platform add up to 365 days of the year. This staircase ends with a sculpture that simulates the head of the serpent god.

Precisely 2 times a year the equinox helps to project a shadow that simulates the body of a snake. The objective of this idea was to affirm that from time to time the serpent god visits the earth.

The curious thing about this pyramid is that another one was built under it, but smaller. The second work contains 2 interior chambers, with a Chac mool stature and passageways. These labyrinths reveal offerings as human sacrifices.

The archaeologists in the study of the pyramid discovered that it is located on a deep well called a cenote. The cenotes are nothing more than underground lakes, the Mayan civilization called them sacred since they allowed the establishment of life in the place.

    Coba

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Coba

Coba is located in the state of Quintana Roo, surrounded by abundant vegetation. It has Nonoh Mul the highest pyramid in the Yucatan Peninsula. The work has a height of 42 meters with 120 steps on its main staircase.

The pyramid has 7 cornered bodies with a staircase that is divided to allow access to the temple that has personified the Descending God. There is a second staircase that leads you to a vaulted room. In general, its structure is quite similar to the pyramids of Chichén Itzá.

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    Uxmal

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Uxmal

The word Uxmal refers to the meaning of three times built, alluding to the fact that there were several occupations on this site. In the city is located the Gran Chillán, also known as the pyramid of the fortune teller.

The work has an oval plant and is 35 meters high. This is because 5 extensions of the pyramid were designed in different stages. The last floors were built in a polygonal way, to serve as the base for the temple of the god Chac.

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